Association of Reduced eGFR and Albuminuria with Serious Fall Injuries among Older Adults.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Falls are common and associated with adverse outcomes in patients on dialysis. Limited data are available in earlier stages of CKD. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We analyzed data from 8744 Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke Study participants ≥65 years old with Medicare fee for service coverage. Serious fall injuries were defined as a fall-related fracture, brain injury, or joint dislocation using Medicare claims. Hazard ratios (HRs) for serious fall injuries were calculated by eGFR and albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR). Among 2590 participants with CKD (eGFR<60 ml/min per 1.73 m(2) or ACR≥30 mg/g), cumulative mortality after a serious fall injury compared with age-matched controls without a fall injury was calculated. RESULTS: Overall, 1103 (12.6%) participants had a serious fall injury over 9.9 years of follow-up. The incidence rates per 1000 person-years of serious fall injuries were 21.7 (95% confidence interval [95% CI], 20.3 to 23.2), 26.6 (95% CI, 22.6 to 31.3), and 38.3 (95% CI, 31.2 to 47.0) at eGFR levels ≥60, 45-59, and <45 ml/min per 1.73 m(2), respectively, and 21.3 (95% CI, 20.0 to 22.8), 31.7 (95% CI, 27.5 to 36.5), and 42.2 (95% CI, 31.3 to 56.9) at ACR levels <30, 30-299, and ≥300 mg/g, respectively. Multivariable adjusted HRs for serious fall injuries were 0.91 (95% CI, 0.76 to 1.09) and 1.09 (95% CI, 0.86 to 1.37) for eGFR=45-59 and <45 ml/min per 1.73 m(2), respectively, versus eGFR≥60 ml/min per 1.73 m(2) and 1.31 (95% CI, 1.11 to 1.54) and 1.81 (95% CI, 1.30 to 2.50) for ACR=30-299 and ≥300 mg/g, respectively, versus ACR<30 mg/g. Among participants with CKD, cumulative 1-year mortality rates among patients with a serious fall and age-matched controls were 21.0% and 5.5%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Elevated ACR but not lower eGFR was associated with serious fall injuries. Evaluation for fall risk factors and fall prevention strategies should be considered for older adults with elevated ACR.
  • Keywords

  • Adult, Brain Injuries, CKD, Follow-Up Studies, Fractures, Bone, Humans, Renal Insufficiency, Chronic, albuminuria, falls, geriatric nephrology, Accidental Falls, Administrative Claims, Healthcare, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Albuminuria, Brain Injuries, Creatinine, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Fractures, Bone, Glomerular Filtration Rate, Humans, Incidence, Joint Dislocations, Male, Medicare, Prospective Studies, Renal Dialysis, Renal Insufficiency, Chronic, United States, Wounds and Injuries
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Bowling CB; Bromfield SG; Colantonio LD; Gutiérrez OM; Shimbo D; Reynolds K; Wright NC; Curtis JR; Judd SE; Franch H
  • Start Page

  • 1236
  • End Page

  • 1243
  • Volume

  • 11
  • Issue

  • 7