Fat distribution, aerobic fitness, blood lipids, and insulin sensitivity in African-American and European-American women.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • The purpose of this study was to determine independent relationships of intra-abdominal adipose tissue (IAAT), leg fat, and aerobic fitness with blood lipids and insulin sensitivity (S(i)) in European-American (EA) and African-American (AA) premenopausal women. Ninety-three EA and ninety-four AA with BMI between 27 and 30 kg/m(2) had IAAT by computed tomography, total fat and leg fat by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, aerobic fitness by a graded exercise test, African admixture (AFADM) by ancestry informative markers, blood lipids by the Ektachem DT system, and S(i) by glucose tolerance test. Independent of age, aerobic fitness, AFADM, and leg fat, IAAT was positively related to low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), cholesterol-high-density lipoprotein (HDL) ratio, triglycerides (TGs), and fasting insulin (standardized beta varying 0.16-0.34) and negatively related to HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) and S(i) (standardized beta -0.15 and -0.25, respectively). In contrast, independent of age, aerobic fitness, AFADM, and IAAT, leg fat was negatively related to total cholesterol, LDL-C, cholesterol-HDL ratio, TGs, and fasting insulin (standardized beta varying -0.15 to -0.21) and positively related to HDL-C and S(i) (standardized beta 0.16 and 0.23). Age was not independently related to worsening of any blood lipid but was related to increased S(i) (standardized beta for S(i) 0.25, insulin -0.31). With the exception of total cholesterol and LDL-C, aerobic fitness was independently related to worsened blood lipid profile and increased S(i) (standardized beta varying 0.17 to -0.21). Maintenance of favorable fat distribution and aerobic fitness may be important strategies for healthy aging, at least in premenopausal EA and AA women.
  • Published In

  • Obesity Research  Journal
  • Keywords

  • Absorptiometry, Photon, Adipose Tissue, Adiposity, Adult, African Americans, Blood Glucose, Body Mass Index, Dyslipidemias, European Continental Ancestry Group, Exercise Test, Female, Glucose Tolerance Test, Humans, Insulin, Insulin Resistance, Intra-Abdominal Fat, Leg, Lipids, Middle Aged, Obesity, Oxygen Consumption, Physical Fitness, Premenopause, Risk Assessment, Risk Factors, Tomography, X-Ray Computed, United States, Young Adult
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Hunter GR; Chandler-Laney PC; Brock DW; Lara-Castro C; Fernandez JR; Gower BA
  • Start Page

  • 274
  • End Page

  • 281
  • Volume

  • 18
  • Issue

  • 2