Oral apolipoprotein A-I mimetic peptide improves cognitive function and reduces amyloid burden in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease.

Academic Article


  • Recent evidence indicates that inflammation may significantly contribute to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Since the apo A-I mimetic peptide D-4F has been shown to inhibit atherosclerotic lesion formation and regress already existing lesions (in the presence of pravastatin) and the peptide also decreases brain arteriole inflammation, we undertook a study to evaluate the efficacy of oral D-4F co-administered with pravastatin on cognitive function and amyloid beta (A beta) burden in the hippocampus of APPSwe-PS1 Delta E9 mice. Three groups of male mice were administered D-4F and pravastatin, Scrambled D-4F (ScD-4F, a control peptide) and pravastatin in drinking water, while drinking water alone served as control. The escape latency in the Morris Water Maze test was significantly shorter for the D-4F+statin administered animals compared to the other two groups. While the hippocampal region of the brain was covered with 4.2+/-0.5 and 3.8+/-0.6% of A beta load in the control and ScD-4F+statin administered groups, in the D-4F+statin administered group A beta load was only 1.6+/-0.1%. Furthermore, there was a significant decrease in the number of activated microglia (p<0.05 vs the other two groups) and activated astrocytes (p<0.05 vs control) upon oral D-4F+statin treatment. Inflammatory markers TNFalpha and IL-1 beta levels were decreased significantly in the D-4F+statin group compared to the other two groups (for IL-1 beta p<0.01 vs the other two groups and for TNF-alpha p<0.001 vs control) and the expression of MCP-1 were also less in D-4F+statin administered group compared to the other two groups. These results suggest that the apo A-I mimetic peptide inhibits amyloid beta deposition and improves cognitive function via exerting anti-inflammatory properties in the brain.
  • Published In


  • Administration, Oral, Alzheimer Disease, Amyloid beta-Peptides, Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor, Animals, Anticholesteremic Agents, Apolipoprotein A-I, Astrocytes, Chemokine CCL2, Cholesterol, Cognition, Disease Models, Animal, Drug Therapy, Combination, Hippocampus, Interleukin-1beta, Male, Maze Learning, Mice, Mice, Transgenic, Microglia, Plaque, Amyloid, Pravastatin, Protease Nexins, Receptors, Cell Surface, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Handattu SP; Garber DW; Monroe CE; van Groen T; Kadish I; Nayyar G; Cao D; Palgunachari MN; Li L; Anantharamaiah GM
  • Start Page

  • 525
  • End Page

  • 534
  • Volume

  • 34
  • Issue

  • 3