Analysis of vitamin D levels in patients with and without statin-associated myalgia - A systematic review and meta-analysis of 7 studies with 2420 patients

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. Introduction Vitamin D (vit D) deficiency may be associated with an increased risk of statin-related symptomatic myalgia in statin-treated patients. The aim of this meta-analysis was to substantiate the role of serum vitamin D levels in statin-associated myalgia.Methods The search included PUBMED, Cochrane Library, Scopus, and EMBASE from January 1, 1987 to April 1, 2014 to identify studies that investigated the impact of vit D levels in statin-treated subjects with and without myalgia. Two independent reviewers extracted data on study characteristics, methods and outcomes. Quantitative data synthesis was performed using a fixed-effect model.Results The electronic search yielded 437 articles; of those 20 were scrutinized as full texts and 13 studies were considered unsuitable. The final analysis included 7 studies with 2420 statin-treated patients divided into subgroups of patients with (n = 666 [27.5%]) or without (n = 1754) myalgia. Plasma vit D concentrations in the symptomatic and asymptomatic subgroups were 28.4 ± 13.80 ng/mL and 34.86 ± 11.63 ng/mL, respectively. The combination of data from individual observational studies showed that vit D plasma concentrations were significantly lower in patients with statin-associated myalgia compared with patients not manifesting this side effect (weighted mean difference - 9.41 ng/mL; 95% confidence interval: - 10.17 to - 8.64; p < 0.00001).Conclusions This meta-analysis provides evidence that low vit D levels are associated with myalgia in patients on statin therapy. Randomized controlled trials are necessary to establish whether vitamin D supplementation reduces the risk for statin-associated myalgia.
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    Author List

  • Michalska-Kasiczak M; Sahebkar A; Mikhailidis DP; Rysz J; Muntner P; Toth PP; Jones SR; Rizzo M; Kees Hovingh G; Farnier M
  • Start Page

  • 111
  • End Page

  • 116
  • Volume

  • 178