RYR3 gene variants in subclinical atherosclerosis among HIV-infected women in the Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS).

Academic Article

Abstract

  • BACKGROUND: Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the Ryanodine receptor 3 (RYR3) gene are associated with common carotid intima media thickness (CCA cIMT) in HIV-infected men. We evaluated SNPs in the RYR3 gene among HIV-infected women participating in Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS). METHODS: CCA cIMT was measured using B-mode ultrasound and the 838 SNPs in the RYR3 gene region were genotyped using the Illumina HumanOmni2.5-quad beadchip. The CCA cIMT genetic association was assessed using linear regression analyses among 1213 women and also separately among White (n=139), Black (n=720) and Hispanic (n=354) women after adjusting for confounders. A summary measure of pooled association was estimated using a meta-analytic approach by combining the effect estimates from the three races. Haploblocks were inferred using Gabriel's method and haplotype association analyses were conducted among the three races separately. RESULTS: SNP rs62012610 was associated with CCA cIMT among the Hispanics (p=4.41×10(-5)), rs11856930 among Whites (p=5.62×10(-4)), and rs2572204 among Blacks (p=2.45×10(-3)). Meta-analysis revealed several associations of SNPs in the same direction and of similar magnitude, particularly among Blacks and Hispanics. Additionally, several haplotypes within three haploblocks containing SNPs previously related with CCA cIMT were also associated in Whites and Hispanics. DISCUSSION: Consistent with previous research among HIV-infected men, SNPs within the RYR3 region were associated with subclinical atherosclerosis among HIV-infected women. Allelic heterogeneity observed across the three races suggests that the contribution of the RYR3 gene to CCA cIMT is complex, and warrants future studies to better understand regional SNP function.
  • Published In

  • Atherosclerosis  Journal
  • Keywords

  • CCA, HIV infection, RYR3, Single nucleotide polymorphisms, Subclinical atherosclerosis, cIMT, African Continental Ancestry Group, Alleles, Anti-HIV Agents, Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active, Atherosclerosis, Carotid Artery, Common, Carotid Intima-Media Thickness, Chromosomes, Human, Pair 15, European Continental Ancestry Group, Female, Genetic Heterogeneity, HIV Infections, Haplotypes, Hispanic Americans, Humans, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Prospective Studies, Ryanodine Receptor Calcium Release Channel, Sex Factors, United States
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Authorlist

  • Shendre A; Irvin MR; Aouizerat BE; Wiener HW; Vazquez AI; Anastos K; Lazar J; Liu C; Karim R; Limdi NA
  • Start Page

  • 666
  • End Page

  • 672
  • Volume

  • 233
  • Issue

  • 2