Adherence with intravenous zoledronate and intravenous ibandronate in the United States Medicare population.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • OBJECTIVE: To evaluate adherence to drug therapy among new users of zoledronate and intravenous (IV) ibandronate among US Medicare enrollees. METHODS: We used data from the Medicare 5% random sample to evaluate new users of IV zoledronate and IV ibandronate with continuous Part A and Part B fee-for-service coverage. The outcome was adherence as quantified by the proportion of days covered (PDC) measured continuously and dichotomously (≥ 80%). Followup time extended from 18-27 months for all individuals. Factors associated with low adherence to zoledronate were evaluated with logistic regression. RESULTS: We identified 775 new users of zoledronate and 846 new users of IV ibandronate. For both drugs, 30-48% of the first infusions were given in an outpatient infusion center, not in a physician's office. The mean PDC for zoledronate users was 82%, which was greater than the mean PDC for the IV ibandronate users (58-62% depending on the time period; P < 0.0001). Approximately 30% of zoledronate users did not receive a second infusion. Factors associated with low adherence to zoledronate included older age and receipt of the first infusion in an outpatient infusion center rather than a physician's office. CONCLUSION: Less frequently dosed IV bisphosphonates have not resolved the problem of suboptimal adherence with prescription osteoporosis medications. Interventions continue to be warranted to improve long-term adherence to osteoporosis treatments.
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    Keywords

  • Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Bone Density Conservation Agents, Diphosphonates, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Ibandronic Acid, Imidazoles, Infusions, Intravenous, Logistic Models, Male, Medicare, Medication Adherence, Osteoporosis, Patient Compliance, United States, Zoledronic Acid
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Curtis JR; Yun H; Matthews R; Saag KG; Delzell E
  • Start Page

  • 1054
  • End Page

  • 1060
  • Volume

  • 64
  • Issue

  • 7