Association between neighborhood disadvantage and hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control in older adults: results from the University of Alabama at Birmingham Study of Aging.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the effect of neighborhood disadvantage (ND) on older adults' prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension. METHODS: Data were from the University of Alabama at Birmingham Study of Aging, an observational study of 1000 community-dwelling Black and White Alabamians aged 65 years and older, in 1999 to 2001. We assessed hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control with blood pressure measurements and self-report data. We assessed ND with US Census data corresponding with participants' census tracts, created tertiles of ND, and fit models with generalized estimating equations via a logit link function with a binomial distribution. Adjusted models included variables assessing personal advantage and disadvantage, place-based factors, sociodemographics, comorbidities, and health behaviors. RESULTS: Living in mid-ND (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 1.6; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.2, 2.1) and high-ND tertiles (AOR = 1.8; 95% CI = 1.3, 2.3) was associated with higher hypertension prevalence, and living in high-ND tertiles was associated with lower odds of controlled hypertension (AOR = 0.6; 95% CI = 0.4, 0.6). In adjusted models, ND was not associated with hypertension awareness or treatment. CONCLUSIONS: These findings show that neighborhood environmental factors matter for hypertension outcomes and suggest the importance of ND for hypertension management in older adults.
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    Keywords

  • Aged, Alabama, Comorbidity, Female, Health Behavior, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Humans, Hypertension, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Poverty Areas, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Socioeconomic Factors, Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Buys DR; Howard VJ; McClure LA; Buys KC; Sawyer P; Allman RM; Levitan EB
  • Start Page

  • 1181
  • End Page

  • 1188
  • Volume

  • 105
  • Issue

  • 6