A full-brain, bootstrapped analysis of diffusion tensor imaging robustly differentiates Parkinson disease from healthy controls.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • There is a compelling need for early, accurate diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (PD). Various magnetic resonance imaging modalities are being explored as an adjunct to diagnosis. A significant challenge in using MR imaging for diagnosis is developing appropriate algorithms for extracting diagnostically relevant information from brain images. In previous work, we have demonstrated that individual subject variability can have a substantial effect on identifying and determining the borders of regions of analysis, and that this variability may impact on prediction accuracy. In this paper we evaluate a new statistical algorithm to determine if we can improve accuracy of prediction using a subjects left-out validation of a DTI analysis. Twenty subjects with PD and 22 healthy controls were imaged to evaluate if a full brain diffusion tensor imaging-fractional anisotropy (DTI-FA) map might be capable of segregating PD from controls. In this paper, we present a new statistical algorithm based on bootstrapping. We compare the capacity of this algorithm to classify the identity of subjects left out of the analysis with the accuracy of other statistical techniques, including standard cluster-thresholding. The bootstrapped analysis approach was able to correctly discriminate the 20 subjects with PD from the 22 healthy controls (area under the receiver operator curve or AUROC 0.90); however the sensitivity and specificity of standard cluster-thresholding techniques at various voxel-specific thresholds were less effective (AUROC 0.72-0.75). Based on these results sufficient information to generate diagnostically relevant statistical maps may already be collected by current MRI scanners. We present one statistical technique that might be used to extract diagnostically relevant information from a full brain analysis.
  • Published In

  • Neuroinformatics  Journal
  • Keywords

  • Aged, Algorithms, Area Under Curve, Brain, Brain Mapping, Diffusion Tensor Imaging, Female, Humans, Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted, Male, Middle Aged, Parkinson Disease, ROC Curve, Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 5434908
  • Author List

  • Skidmore FM; Spetsieris PG; Anthony T; Cutter GR; von Deneen KM; Liu Y; White KD; Heilman KM; Myers J; Standaert DG
  • Start Page

  • 7
  • End Page

  • 18
  • Volume

  • 13
  • Issue

  • 1