Evaluation of Team-Based Care in an Urban Free Clinic Setting.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • This article reports the experiences of a school of nursing, academic health center, and community-based organization working via an interprofessional collaborative practice model to meet the mutual goal of serving the health care needs of an indigent, largely minority population in Birmingham, Alabama. The population suffers disproportionately from chronic health problems including diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular disease, asthma, and mental health disorders. The program emphasizes diabetes management because the academic health center recognized the need for transitional and primary care, including mental health services, for the increasing numbers of uninsured patients with diabetes and its comorbidities. Half of the clinicians involved in this project had no prior experience with interprofessional collaborative practice, and there was confusion regarding the roles of team members from the partnering institutions. Activities involving care coordination consistently received low scores on weekly rating scales leading to the creation of positions for a nurse care manager and pharmaceutical patient assistance program coordinator. Conversely, shared decision making and cooperation ratings were consistently high. Evaluation identified the need for reliable, accessible data and data analysis to target clinically effective interventions and care coordination and to assess cost effectiveness. The strengths, challenges, lessons learned, and next steps required for sustainability of this alignment are discussed.
  • Published In

    Keywords

  • Alabama, Ambulatory Care Facilities, Community Health Nursing, Humans, Intersectoral Collaboration, Patient Care Team, Urban Health Services
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Iddins BW; Frank JS; Kannar P; Curry WA; Mullins M; Hites L; Selleck C
  • Start Page

  • 254
  • End Page

  • 262
  • Volume

  • 39
  • Issue

  • 3