Psychometric evaluation of an online and paper accidental bowel leakage questionnaire: The ICIQ-B questionnaire.

Academic Article


  • AIMS: To evaluate the psychometric properties of an online versus paper US-English version of the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Bowel (ICIQ-B). METHODS: The ICIQ-B includes 17 items under 3 domains: bowel pattern (5 items), bowel control (7 items), and quality of life (5 items). We recruited community-dwelling adults seeking treatment for ≥monthly bowel leakage from specialty clinics within a VA medical center and university affiliate. An online versus paper version was evaluated at baseline, 2 weeks later, and 3 months after nonsurgical treatments per usual care. We assessed test-retest reliability (Pearson correlations) at 2 weeks, internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha), and convergent validity (Pearson correlations). Sensitivity to change was the difference between the baseline and post-treatment (3-month) scores. RESULTS: Mean age was 58.0 ± 11.9; 36% Veterans, 52% women. At baseline, 2 weeks, and 3 months, we found no differences in the online vs paper scores for the bowel control and quality of life domains. The ICIQ-B demonstrated fair internal consistency for the bowel pattern domain (Cronbach's α = 0.36-0.54). Internal consistency on the bowel pattern domain was better with the paper version than the online version at 2 weeks (P < 0.05) and 3 months (P < 0.01) with no difference at baseline. All other domains had good internal consistency (Cronbach's α > 0.80), good retest reliability (r ≥ 0.70, P < 0.001), domain-specific convergent validity for stool consistency (P < 0.05), incontinence severity (P ≤ 0.002), and quality of life impact (P < 0.05). After nonsurgical treatments, we found a reasonable response to change (P ≤ 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Online and paper versions had robust psychometric data for use among U.S. men and women, including Veterans. Neurourol. Urodynam. 36:166-170, 2017. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
  • Published In


  • accidental bowel leakage, fecal incontinence, functional bowel disorders, psychometric evaluation, quality of life, questionnaire, Adult, Aged, Fecal Incontinence, Female, Humans, Internet, Male, Middle Aged, Psychometrics, Quality of Life, Reproducibility of Results, Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Markland AD; Burgio KL; Beasley TM; David SL; Redden DT; Goode PS
  • Start Page

  • 166
  • End Page

  • 170
  • Volume

  • 36
  • Issue

  • 1