The feasibility and acceptability of a diet and exercise trial in overweight and obese black breast cancer survivors: The Stepping STONE study.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • PURPOSE: Black breast cancer survivors have high rates of obesity and low physical activity levels. Little is known about the acceptability and feasibility of interventions in this population. OBJECTIVE: A two-arm RCT was launched to assess the efficacy of a culturally targeted 12-week multimodal lifestyle intervention in overweight and obese black survivors. METHODS: Intervention components included nutrition education, exercise groups, and survivor-led motivational interviewing phone sessions. The analytic sample included women who completed the trial (intervention n=10; control n=12). Anthropometric measures, physical activity, and VO2max were assessed at baseline and follow-up. Change scores (intervention vs. control) were assessed with Wilcoxon rank-sum tests. A process evaluation assessed intervention acceptability. RESULTS: Overall adherence was 70% and overall satisfaction was high (86%). Despite the 5% weight loss target, the intervention group lost 0.8% but BMI improved. Total physical activity levels increased in the intervention vs. control arm (+3501METmin/week vs. +965METmin/week, respectively). VO2max improved in the intervention group (+0.10±1.03kg/L/min). Intervention participants reduced energy intake (-207.3±31.5kcals) and showed improvements in fat intake (-15.5±3.8g), fiber (+3.2±1.2g) and % energy from fat (-4.8±3.1%). Survivors suggested providing diet/exercise information within a cancer context. CONCLUSIONS: Group and individualized intervention strategies are acceptable to black survivors. Observed differences between self-report and objective outcomes may suggest reporting bias or changes in body composition. Increasing supervised intervention components and assessment of body composition will be important for future trials.
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    Keywords

  • African American, Black, Breast cancer, Physical activity, Survivors, Adult, African Americans, Anthropometry, Body Composition, Body Mass Index, Breast Neoplasms, Diet Therapy, Energy Intake, Exercise Therapy, Feasibility Studies, Female, Humans, Life Style, Middle Aged, Motivational Interviewing, Motor Activity, Obesity, Overweight, Oxygen Consumption, Patient Acceptance of Health Care, Patient Compliance, Patient Education as Topic, Patient Satisfaction, Physical Fitness, Survivors, Treatment Outcome
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Sheppard VB; Hicks J; Makambi K; Hurtado-de-Mendoza A; Demark-Wahnefried W; Adams-Campbell L
  • Start Page

  • 106
  • End Page

  • 113
  • Volume

  • 46