OBJECTIVE: This study examines the association between environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure and atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: We examined the cross-sectional association between ETS exposure and AF in 12,021 participants (mean age: 65 ± 9.9 years; 60% women; 40% blacks) from the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke study who self-identified as never smokers between 2003 and 2007. RESULTS: A total of 2503 (21%) participants reported ETS exposure. In a multivariate logistic regression model adjusted for sociodemographics and potential confounders, ETS exposure was significantly associated with AF (odds ratio = 1.27, 95% confidence interval = 1.08, 1.50). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that the harmful effects of ETS exposure extend to sustained arrhythmias such as AF.