Fatty acid transduction of nitric oxide signaling: nitrolinoleic acid mediates protective effects through regulation of the ERK pathway

Academic Article


  • In vivo and in vitro studies revealed that nitroalkenes serve as protective mediators in the lung by inducing the cytoprotective enzyme heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1). Nitrolinoleic acid (LNO2) increased HO-1 mRNA, protein, and activity in cultured pulmonary epithelial cells treated with 5 to 50 μM LNO2 and in lungs of rats injected intraperitoneally with 2.6 mg/kg LNO2 twice daily for 20 days. Western blotting revealed that HO-1 protein increased significantly within 4 h of in vitro LNO2 addition and was preceded by an increase in HO-1 mRNA, consistent with transcriptional regulation of HO-1 expression by LNO2. LNO2 also dephosphorylated and activated eukaryotic initiation factor 2α, a key translational regulatory protein, indicating that increased translation may also contribute to LNO2-induced increases in HO-1. Exposure of cells to LNO2 activated ERK and JNK, as evidenced by increased phosphorylation. Downstream targets of ERK and JNK, Elk-1 and c-Jun, respectively, were also phosphorylated in response to LNO2 exposure. However, inhibitor studies revealed that only the ERK pathway is necessary for the LNO2-mediated increase in HO-1 mRNA and protein. These data reveal that LNO2 induces pulmonary epithelial HO-1 expression and downstream adaptive responses to inflammation via both transcriptional and translational regulatory mechanisms. © 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Iles KE; Wright MM; Cole MP; Welty NE; Ware LB; Matthay MA; Schopfer FJ; Baker PRS; Agarwal A; Freeman BA
  • Start Page

  • 866
  • End Page

  • 875
  • Volume

  • 46
  • Issue

  • 7