Patient-reported communications with pharmacy staff at community pharmacies: the Alabama NSAID Patient Safety Study, 2005-2007.

Academic Article

Abstract

  • OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence of patient-pharmacy staff communication about medications for pain and arthritis and to assess disparities in communication by demographic, socioeconomic, and health indicators. DESIGN: Descriptive, nonexperimental, cross-sectional study. SETTING: Alabama between 2005 and 2007. PATIENTS: 687 Patients participating in the Alabama NSAID Patient Safety Study (age >or=50 years and currently taking a prescription nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug [NSAID]). INTERVENTION: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Communication with pharmacy staff about prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) NSAIDs was examined before and after adjustment for demographic, socioeconomic, and health indicators. RESULTS: For the entire cohort (n = 687), mean (+/-SD) age was 68.3 +/- 10.0 years, 72.8% were women, 36.4% were black, and 31.2% discussed use of prescription pain/arthritis medications with pharmacy staff. Discussing use of prescription pain/arthritis medications with pharmacy staff differed by race/gender (P < 0.001): white men (40.3%), white women (34.6%), black men (30.2%), and black women (19.8%). Even after multivariable adjustment, black women had the lowest odds of discussing their medications with pharmacy staff (odds ratio 0.40 [95% CI 0.24-0.56]) compared with white men. For the 63.0% of participants with recently overlapping prescription and OTC NSAID use, communication with pharmacy staff about OTC NSAIDs use was only 13.7% and did not vary significantly by race/gender group. CONCLUSION: Given the complex risks and benefits of chronic NSAID use, pharmacists, pharmacy staff, and patients all are missing an important opportunity to avoid unsafe prescribing and decrease medication adverse events.
  • Keywords

  • African Americans, Alabama, Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal, Arthritis, Communication, Cross-Sectional Studies, Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions, European Continental Ancestry Group, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Nonprescription Drugs, Pain, Pharmacies, Pharmacists, Prescription Drugs, Professional-Patient Relations, Risk Assessment
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • LaCivita C; Funkhouser E; Miller MJ; Ray MN; Saag KG; Kiefe CI; Cobaugh DJ; Allison JJ
  • Start Page

  • e110
  • End Page

  • e117
  • Volume

  • 49
  • Issue

  • 5