Benefits of grooving on vacuum-assisted resin transfer molding FRP wet-out of RC beams

Academic Article


  • Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) externally bonded to RC beams is commonly applied by hand layup. Vacuum-assisted resin transfer molding (VARTM), a novel application method in infrastructure, can produce FRP with more-consistent quality and uniformity. Additional steps are required, however, which can increase the application time and cost. This research will investigate the reduction of VARTM wet-out time achieved by sawing grooves into the concrete surface. Fiber-reinforced polymer U-jackets are applied by VARTM to beams with vertical grooves. The wet-out of the beams is recorded and timed. Results indicate that beams with 3.2-mm-deep grooves achieve 95% wet-out in an average of 200 s. This is only 22% of the time it takes to wet-out a beam with no grooves, an average of 911 s. A wet-out mechanism based on a modified Darcy's law is presented to verify the results. Darcy's law predicts that time savings increase exponentially with the length that the epoxy has to travel, which indicates that a significant amount of time could be saved on actual girders. © 2013 American Society of Civil Engineers.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Ramos L; Uddin N; Parrish M
  • Start Page

  • 636
  • End Page

  • 640
  • Volume

  • 17
  • Issue

  • 5