Quantitative approaches to guide epilepsy surgery from intracranial EEG.

Academic Article


  • Over the past ten years, the drive to improve outcomes from epilepsy surgery has stimulated widespread interest in methods to quantitatively guide epilepsy surgery from intracranial EEG (iEEG). Many patients fail to achieve seizure freedom, in part due to the challenges in subjective iEEG interpretation. To address this clinical need, quantitative iEEG analytics have been developed using a variety of approaches, spanning studies of seizures, interictal periods, and their transitions, and encompass a range of techniques including electrographic signal analysis, dynamical systems modeling, machine learning and graph theory. Unfortunately, many methods fail to generalize to new data and are sensitive to differences in pathology and electrode placement. Here, we critically review selected literature on computational methods of identifying the epileptogenic zone from iEEG. We highlight shared methodological challenges common to many studies in this field, and propose ways that they can be addressed. One fundamental common pitfall is a lack of open-source, high-quality data, which we specifically address by sharing a centralized high-quality, well-annotated, multicenter dataset consisting of >100 patients to support larger and more rigorous studies. Ultimately, we provide a roadmap to help these tools reach clinical trials and hope to improve the lives of future patients.
  • Authors


  • data-sharing, epilepsy, intracranial-EEG, neurosurgery
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    Author List

  • Bernabei JM; Li A; Revell AY; Smith RJ; Gunnarsdottir KM; Ong IZ; Davis KA; Sinha N; Sarma S; Litt B