Volumetric modulated arc therapy total body irradiation in pediatric and adolescent/young adult patients undergoing stem cell transplantation: Early outcomes and toxicities

Academic Article


  • Introduction: Total body irradiation (TBI) is an important component of many conditioning regimens for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), most commonly used in pediatric and adolescent/young adult (AYA) patients. We aimed to evaluate outcomes and toxicities among pediatric and AYA patients treated with TBI utilizing volumetric modulated arc therapy total body irradiation (VMAT-TBI). Methods: We reviewed pediatric and AYA patients treated with VMAT-TBI at our institution from 2019 to 2021. Data on patient and disease characteristics, treatment details, outcomes and toxicities were collected. Overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival (RFS) were analyzed using the Kaplan–Meier method. Results: Among 38 patients, 16 (42.1%) were treated with myeloablative regimens and 22 (57.9%) with nonmyeloablative regimens. Median age was 7.2 years (range: 1–27) and median follow-up was 8.7 months (range: 1–21). Lungs Dmean was 7.3 ± 0.3 Gy for myeloablative regimens (range: 6.8–7.8). Kidneys were spared to average mean dose of 71.4 ± 4.8% of prescription dose. Gonadal sparing was achieved for patients treated for nonmalignant diseases to Dmean of 0.7 ± 0.1 Gy. No patient experienced primary graft failure; one (2.6%) experienced secondary graft failure. The most common grade 1–2 acute toxicities were nausea (68.4%) and fatigue (55.3%). Mucositis was the most common grade 3–4 acute toxicity, affecting 39.5% of patients. There were no cases of pneumonitis or nephrotoxicity attributable to TBI. Conclusion: VMAT-TBI offers increased ability to spare organs at risk in pediatric and AYA patients undergoing HSCT, with a favorable acute/subacute toxicity profile and excellent disease control.
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    Author List

  • Marquez C; Hui C; Simiele E; Blomain E; Oh J; Bertaina A; Klein O; Shyr D; Jiang A; Hoppe RT
  • Volume

  • 69
  • Issue

  • 6