PURPOSE: To assess the ability of the Percutaneous Renal Ablation Complexity (P-RAC) scoring system to predict procedural complexity or adverse events (AEs) in adult patients undergoing percutaneous thermal ablation of renal tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 240 consecutive adult patients who underwent percutaneous thermal renal ablation from 2004 to 2018 was conducted. The P-RAC score was calculated for each renal tumor and procedural complexity recorded. A correlation coefficient was calculated for the P-RAC score and both the number of probes used and procedural duration. Receiver operating characteristic curves assessed the score's ability to predict the use of adjunctive techniques and/or major AEs, classified according to the Society of Interventional Radiology guidelines. RESULTS: For the entire cohort, there was a weak correlation between P-RAC scores and both the number of probes used (r = 0.31; P < .001) and procedural duration (r = 0.18; P = .03). When evaluating only patients treated with microwave ablation (MWA), no correlation between P-RAC scores and either the number of probes (P = .7) used or procedural duration (P = .4) was found. The area under the curve (AUC) for the P-RAC score to predict the use of adjunctive techniques was 0.55 and 0.53 for the entire cohort and MWA group, respectively. The AUC for the P-RAC score to predict major AEs was 0.70, 0.71, and 0.73 for the entire cohort, MWA group, and cryoablation group, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The P-RAC scoring system is limited in its ability to predict percutaneous thermal renal tumor ablation procedural complexity, especially in patients treated with MWA. The scoring system may have a role in identifying patients at risk of major AEs.