Dapagliflozin Improves Body Fat Patterning, and Hepatic and Pancreatic Fat in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes in North India

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Context: Excess hepatic and pancreatic fat may contribute to hyperglycemia. Objective: The objective of this study was to examine the effect of dapagliflozin (an SGLT2 inhibitor) on anthropometric profile, liver, and pancreatic fat in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: This is an observational interventional paired study design without a control group. Patients (n = 30) were given dapagliflozin 10 mg/day (on top of stable dose of metformin and/or sulfonylureas) for 120 days. Changes in anthropometry (circumferences and skinfold thickness), surrogate markers of insulin resistance, body composition, liver, and pancreatic fat (as measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-derived proton density fat fraction [FF]) were evaluated. Results: After 120 days of treatment with dapagliflozin, a statistically significant reduction in weight, body mass index (BMI), body fat, circumferences, and all skinfold thickness was seen. A statistically significant reduction in blood glucose, glycated hemoglobin A1c, hepatic transaminases, fasting insulin, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and postprandial C-peptide was noted, while HOMA-β, postprandial insulin sensitivity, and fasting adiponectin were statistically significantly increased. There was no change in lean body mass. Compared to baseline there was a statistically significant decrease in mean liver FF (from 15.2% to 10.1%, P < .0001) and mean pancreatic FF (from 7.5% to 5.99%, P < .0083). Reduction in liver fat was statistically significant after adjustment for change in body weight. Conclusion: Dapagliflozin, after 120 days of use, reduced pancreatic and liver fat and increased insulin sensitivity in Asian Indian patients with T2DM.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Ghosh A; Dutta K; Bhatt SP; Gupta R; Tyagi K; Ansari IA; Venugopal VK; Mahajan H; Pandey RM; Pandey S
  • Start Page

  • E2267
  • End Page

  • E2275
  • Volume

  • 107
  • Issue

  • 6