Training and Dissemination of Lung Cancer Education Curriculum Among Community Health Advisors in the Deep South: a Program Evaluation

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality in the USA. In the rural Black Belt region of Alabama, high rates of lung cancer incidence and mortality coupled with disproportionate lack of access to health services stresses the need for navigating high risk and disproportionately affected groups towards successfully obtaining lung cancer screenings. We utilized our well-accepted Community Health Advisor (CHA) model for education and awareness. This study seeks to evaluate the results of the Alabama Lung Cancer Awareness, Screening, and Education (ALCASE) training on CHAs, program evaluation, and lessons learned. A total of 202 participants were eligible and enrolled for CHA training. One hundred thirty CHAs were included for the final analyses. Descriptive statistics were computed; differences in pre-test and post-test scores were compared across demographic characteristics of the participants using paired t-test/one-way ANOVA. Of the 130 CHAs, 46% were 65 years or older; 98% were African Americans, and 87% were female; 17% of participants were cancer survivors. The mean post-test scores were 2.2 points greater than mean pre-test scores, and the difference was significant (mean (SD): pre-test = 20.8 (2.8) versus post-test = 23 (2.2); p = 0.001). No notable difference in pre-test and post-test scores were observed by CHA’s demographic characteristics except by their county of residence or work (p = 0.0019). We demonstrate the capability and value of successfully recruiting and training motivated community members to be able to serve educators to better reach medically underserved and historically excluded communities.
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    Author List

  • Ahmed AM; Hardy CM; Bowman T; Akinyele O; Tipre M; Richardson MB; Baskin ML; Niranjan SJ