Laryngologists’ Reported Decision-Making in Presbyphonia Treatment

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Objective: Decision-making regarding behavioral versus procedural intervention in the treatment of presbyphonia has not been well defined. The study objective was to survey laryngologists’ reported practice patterns and decision-making in presbyphonia. Methods: All laryngology faculty in U.S. academic medical centers with residency programs were recruited to complete an anonymous 29-item survey regarding decision-making in presbyphonia treatment. The survey included 5 sections: demographics, first-line treatment distribution, factors that drive decision-making toward procedural intervention, treatment progression if first-line treatment is insufficient, durable treatment. Results: Of 153 laryngologists surveyed, 89 responded (58%). Voice therapy (VT) was the most often reported first-line treatment, with 57% of respondents indicating the majority of their patients receive VT initially. Most respondents (83%) indicated they occasionally use procedural intervention as first-line treatment. Factors driving first-line procedural intervention were severe glottal insufficiency (87%), high occupational/social voice demands (76%), voice not stimulable for change (73%), difficulty attending VT (70%), severe dysphonia (65%), and dysphagia (61%). The majority of respondents indicated the following do not affect their decision to pursue procedural intervention: patient age (88%); medical comorbidities (63%); patient's desire for a “quick fix” (55%); patient-reported outcome measures (51%). Most respondents (81%) use trial injection augmentation before durable treatment. Of durable treatments, bilateral thyroplasty was preferred (71%), followed by CaHA (15%) and lipoinjection (11%). Conclusions: This study is the first to our knowledge to examine factors that influence decision-making in presbyphonia treatment. While VT remains the most frequent first-line treatment, study results better inform decision-making regarding first-line procedural intervention.
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    Published In

  • Journal of Voice  Journal
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    Author List

  • Sund LT; Cameron B; Johns MM; Gao WZ; O'Dell K; Hapner ER