Anatomic and physiologic considerations of a cardiogenic hypertensive chemoreflex

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Within both human and canine hearts there is a mass of chemoreceptor tissue lying just between the origins of the aorta and pulmonary artery and receiving its blood supply from the proximal portion of the left coronary artery. In the dog this is considered to be the site of origin for a powerful hypertensive reflex stimulated by serotonin. There is brief generalized arterial vasoconstriction, except for the coronary and pulmonary arteries. The afferent limb of this cardiogenic hypertensive Chemoreflex courses in thoracic branches of the vagus. Autonomic efferent responses are both vagal arid, sympathetic events. These include simultaneous positive and negative inotropic effects on the atria, a positive inotropic effect on both ventricles, positive and negative chronotropic actions and similarly mixed dromotropic effects. Methods for separately identifying and quantifying these responses are discussed and illustrated. Vagotomy eliminates the reflex, as does the administration of cyproheptadine (but not methysergide). Among possible human counterparts for this cardiogenic hypertensive Chemoreflex are the pressor responses associated with angina pectoris, with very early acute myocardial infarction and after certain forms of cardiac surgery such as saphenous vein bypass grafting. © 1979.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • James TN; Hageman GR; Urthaler F
  • Start Page

  • 852
  • End Page

  • 859
  • Volume

  • 44
  • Issue

  • 5