DNA-PK Promotes DNA End Resection at DNA Double Strand Breaks in G0 cells

Academic Article

Abstract

  • DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair by homologous recombination is confined to the S and G 2 phases of the cell cycle partly due to 53BP1 antagonizing DNA end resection in G 1 phase and non-cycling quiescent (G 0 ) cells where DSBs are predominately repaired by non-homologous end joining (NHEJ). Unexpectedly, we uncovered extensive MRE11- and CtIP-dependent DNA end resection at DSBs in G 0 mammalian cells. A whole genome CRISPR/Cas9 screen revealed the DNA-dependent kinase (DNA-PK) complex as a key factor in promoting DNA end resection in G 0 cells. In agreement, depletion of FBXL12, which promotes ubiquitylation and removal of the KU70/KU80 subunits of DNA-PK from DSBs, promotes even more extensive resection in G 0 cells. In contrast, a requirement for DNA-PK in promoting DNA end resection in proliferating cells at the G 1 or G 2 phase of the cell cycle was not observed. Our findings establish that DNA-PK uniquely promotes DNA end resection in G 0 , but not in G 1 or G 2 phase cells, and has important implications for DNA DSB repair in quiescent cells.
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    Author List

  • Fowler F; Chen B-R; Zolnerowich N; Wu W; Pavani R; Paiano J; Peart C; Nussenzweig A; Sleckman B; Tyler J