Pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 1 and 2 deficiency reduces high-fat diet-induced hypertrophic obesity and inhibits the differentiation of preadipocytes into mature adipocytes

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Obesity is now recognized as a disease. This study revealed a novel role for pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase (PDK) in diet-induced hypertrophic obesity. Mice with global or adipose tissue-specific PDK2 deficiency were protected against diet-induced obesity. The weight of adipose tissues and the size of adipocytes were reduced. Adipocyte-specific PDK2 deficiency slightly increased insulin sensitivity in HFD-fed mice. In studies with 3T3-L1 preadipocytes, PDK2 and PDK1 expression was strongly increased during adipogenesis. Evidence was found for epigenetic induction of both PDK1 and PDK2. Gain- and loss-of-function studies with 3T3-L1 cells revealed a critical role for PDK1/2 in adipocyte differentiation and lipid accumulation. PDK1/2 induction during differentiation was also accompanied by increased expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF1α) and enhanced lactate production, both of which were absent in the context of PDK1/2 deficiency. Exogenous lactate supplementation increased the stability of HIF1α and promoted adipogenesis. PDK1/2 overexpression-mediated adipogenesis was abolished by HIF1α inhibition, suggesting a role for the PDK-lactate-HIF1α axis during adipogenesis. In human adipose tissue, the expression of PDK1/2 was positively correlated with that of the adipogenic marker PPARγ and inversely correlated with obesity. Similarly, PDK1/2 expression in mouse adipose tissue was decreased by chronic high-fat diet feeding. We conclude that PDK1 and 2 are novel regulators of adipogenesis that play critical roles in obesity.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Kang HJ; Min BK; Choi WI; Jeon JH; Kim DW; Park S; Lee YK; Kim HJ; Byeon JE; Go Y
  • Start Page

  • 1390
  • End Page

  • 1401
  • Volume

  • 53
  • Issue

  • 9