On the Forced Surface Quasi-Geostrophic Equation: Existence of Steady States and Sharp Relaxation Rates

Academic Article


  • We consider the asymptotic behavior of the surface quasi-geostrophic equation, subject to a small external force. Under suitable assumptions on the forcing, we first construct the steady states and we provide a number of useful a posteriori estimates for them. Importantly, to do so, we only impose minimal cancellation conditions on the forcing function. Our main result is that all L1∩ L∞ localized initial data produces global solutions of the forced SQG, which converge to the steady states in Lp(R2) , 1 < p≤ 2 as time goes to infinity. This establishes that the steady states serve as one point attracting set. Moreover, by employing the method of scaling variables, we compute the sharp relaxation rates, by requiring slightly more localized initial data.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Hadadifard F; Stefanov AG
  • Volume

  • 23
  • Issue

  • 1