Capturing nurses’ perception of communicative technologies in nursing facilities: Survey instrument development

Academic Article


  • Background: Despite the common perception of the call light system as crucial for patient safety, there are usability gaps between what features staff in nursing facilities need to address an alarm quickly and how the call system is designed. A survey instrument was developed to investigate nursing home staff experiences in using call light technology. Methods: A survey instrument was developed and distributed to staff in two nursing facilities in Up-State, New York (N = 278). The strength and direction of relationships between pairs of variables were measured using Pearson correlation and analysis of variance to investigate the perceived effect of staff's perception of the call light system on the work system's elements, process and staff outcomes. Results: The study found correlations between the job-level workload and the noise in the unit (r = 0.272, p =.000), between job-level workload and the ease of locating call lights (r = 0.154, p =.023), and between job stress and burnout (r = 0.176, p =.009). Only 64% of nursing home staff believed that the call light system reflected urgent needs, with younger staff relating to this group. The staff gave the work environment a high score, which corresponds to excessive noises caused by the call light alarm, according to 74% of the staff. These associations stem from gaps caused by a lack of user feedback in the design and acquisition process, leading to usability issues that reduce performance and satisfaction over time. Conclusion: The study found that the type of call light system used is associated with usability challenges that often impeded the performance of the nursing home staff's response to residents. These insights can improve the selection of a new call light system that avoids usability issues and challenges identified by end-users.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Ali H; Ahmed A; Cole A
  • Volume

  • 16
  • Issue

  • 6