Overweight and obesity in New Caledonian adults: Results from measured and adjusted self-reported anthropometric data

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Aims: To estimate the overweight (OW) and obesity (Ob) prevalence and associated socio-demographic risk factors in New Caledonian adults aged 18–67 years. Methods: From a randomly selected cross-sectional population survey, self-reported (n = 2513) and measured (n = 736) height and weight data were collected. Separate linear regression analyses for measured weight and height were performed, using cases with both self-reported weight and height and socio-demographic variables. The final weight and height assigned to each case was either measured or predicted from the regression (n = 2075). OW prevalence was defined as: Body Mass Index (BMI) ≥25 and <30 kg/m−2; and Ob: BMI ≥30 kg/m−2. Samples were weighted to the general adult population. Prevalence and Odds ratios (ORs) were calculated by gender, and adjusted for socio-demographic variables, to assess differentials in OW, Ob and OW-Ob, using multinomial and logistic regressions. Results: Male (M) OW was 35% (95% CI: 31–38), Ob 29% (95% CI: 26–32) and OW-Ob 64% (95% CI: 60–67); female (F) OW was 26% (95% CI: 23–28), Ob 34% (95% CI: 31–37) and OW-Ob 60% (95% CI: 57–63). Compared to Melanesians (OR = 1.0) for male/female: Polynesians had the highest prevalence of OW (1.7/1.5), Ob (4.7/3.5), and OW-Ob (3.0/2.5); New Caledonian-born Europeans had greater OW, Ob and OW-Ob (0.3/0.4) than immigrant Europeans (0.2/0.2). Conclusions: Findings contribute to obesity comparisons with other Pacific Islands, and they establish trends in New Caledonia for targeting policies and strategies of prevention.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 18940380
  • Author List

  • Corsenac P; Annesi-Maesano I; Hoy D; Roth A; Rouchon B; Capart I; Taylor R
  • Start Page

  • 193
  • End Page

  • 203
  • Volume

  • 133