Cardiac changes following arteriovenous fistula creation in a mouse model

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Background: Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) creation may negatively affect cardiac structure and function and impact cardiovascular mortality. The objective of this study was to develop and characterize the cardiac changes following AVF creation in a murine AVF model. Methods: AVFs were constructed using the carotid artery and jugular vein in C57BL/6 mice. Sham-operated AVF mice served as the control group. 2D-echocardiography was performed prior to AVF creation (baseline) and at 7 and 21 days after creation in AVF and sham-operated mice. Picrosirius red was used to stain the left ventricle for collagen production. Results: The cardiac output (CO), left ventricular end diastolic (LVEDD) and systolic (LVESD) diameter, and end-diastolic (LVEDV) and systolic (LVESV) volume was significantly increased at 7 and 21 days in AVF compared to sham-operated mice. There was also a significant increase in CO, LVEDD, LVESD, LVEDV, and LVESV from baseline to 21 days within the AVF group, but not the sham-operated mice. There was a significant decrease in ejection fraction and fractional shortening at 21 days in AVF compared to sham-operated mice. Picrosirius red was significantly more prominent around both the perivascular and interstitial areas of the cardiac tissue from AVF mice compared to sham-operated AVF mice at 21 days. Conclusions: The creation of an AVF in our murine model leads to cardiac changes such as increased cardiac output, left ventricular dilation, and cardiac fibrosis, while showing reductions of ejection fraction and fractional shortening.
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    Author List

  • Ingle K; Pham L; Lee V; Guo L; Isayeva-Waldrop T; Somarathna M; Lee T