Kidney resident macrophages (KRMs) are involved in maintaining renal homeostasis and in controlling the pathological outcome of acute kidney injury and cystic kidney disease in mice. In adult mice, KRMs maintain their population through self-renewal with little or no input from the peripheral blood. Despite recent data suggesting that a transcriptionally similar population of KRM-like cells is present across species, the idea that they are self-renewing and minimally dependent on peripheral blood input in other species has yet to be proven due to the lack of an appropriate model and cross-species expression markers. In this study, we used our recently identified cross-species KRM cell surface markers and parabiosis surgery in inbred Lewis rats to determine if rat KRMs are maintained independent of peripheral blood input, similar to their mouse counterparts. Flow cytometry analysis indicated that parabiosis surgery in the rat results in the establishment of chimerism of T/B cells, neutrophils, and monocyte-derived infiltrating macrophages in the blood, spleen, and kidney 3 wk after parabiosis surgery. Analysis of KRMs using the cell surface markers CD81 and C1q indicated that these cells have minimal chimerism and, therefore, receive little input from the peripheral blood. These data indicate that KRM properties are conserved in at least two different species. NEW & NOTEWORTHY In this report, we performed parabiosis surgery on inbred Lewis rats and showed that rat kidney resident macrophages (KRMs), identified using our novel cross-species markers, are minimally dependent on peripheral blood input. Thus, for the first time, to our knowledge, we confirm that a hallmark of mouse KRMs is also present in KRMs isolated from another species.