Diagnostic utility of one-stop fusion gene panel to detect TFE3/TFEB gene rearrangement and amplification in renal cell carcinomas

Academic Article

Abstract

  • MiT family translocation renal cell carcinoma (MiT-RCC) harbors translocations involving the TFE3 or TFEB genes. RCC with TFEB amplification is also identified and is associated with a more aggressive clinical course. Accurate diagnosis of MiT-RCC is crucial for patient management. In this study, we evaluated the performance of the Archer FusionPlex assay for detection of MiT-RCC with TFE3 or TFEB translocations and TFEB amplifications. RNA was extracted from 49 RCC FFPE tissue samples with known TFE3/TFEB status (26 TFE3 FISH positive, 12 TFEB FISH positive, 4 TFEB amplified (1 case both split and amplified), and 8 FISH negative) using the Covaris extraction kit. Target enriched cDNA libraries were prepared using the Archer FusionPlex kit and sequenced on the Illumina NextSeq 550. We demonstrate that the age of the specimen, quality of RNA, and sequencing metrics are important for fusion detection. Fusions were identified in 20 of 21 cases less than 2 years old, and TFE3/TFEB rearrangements were detected in all cases with Fusion QC ≥ 100. The assay identified intrachromosomal inversions in two cases (TFE3-RBM10 and NONO-TFE3), usually difficult to identify by FISH assays. TFEB mRNA expression and the TFEB/TFE3 mRNA expression ratio were significantly higher in RCCs with TFEB fusion and TFEB gene amplification compared to tumors without TFEB fusion or amplification. A cutoff TFEB/TFE3 ratio of 0.5 resulted in 97.3% concordance to FISH results with no false negatives. Our study demonstrates that the FusionPlex assay successfully identifies TFE3 and TFEB fusions including intrachromosomal inversions. Age of the specimen and certain sequencing metrics are important for successful fusion detection. Furthermore, mRNA expression levels may be used for predicting cases harboring TFEB amplification, thereby streamlining testing. This assay enables accurate molecular detection of multiple subtypes of MiT-RCCs in a convenient workflow.
  • Published In

  • Modern Pathology  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Harada S; Caliò A; Janowski KM; Morlote D; Rodriguez Pena MD; Canete-Portillo S; Harbi D; DeFrank G; Magi-Galluzzi C; Netto GJ
  • Start Page

  • 2055
  • End Page

  • 2063
  • Volume

  • 34
  • Issue

  • 11