Purpose: We aim to determine the feasibility and dosimetric benefits of a novel MRI-guided IMRT dose-adaption strategy for human papillomavirus positive (HPV+) oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPC). Materials/methods: Patients with locally advanced HPV+ OPC underwent pre-treatment and in-treatment MRIs every two weeks using RT immobilization setup. For each patient, two IMRT plans were created (i.e. standard and adaptive). The prescription dose for the standard plans was 2.12 Gy/fx for 33 fractions to the initial PTV. For adaptive plans, a new PTVadaptive was generated based on serial MRIs in case of detectable tumor shrinkage. Prescription dose to PTVadaptive was 2.12 Gy/fx to allow for maximum dose to the residual disease. Any previously involved volumes received minimally a floor dose of 50.16 Gy. Uninvolved elective nodal volumes were prescribed 50.16 Gy in 1.52 Gy/fx. Dosimetric parameters of organs at risk (OARs) were recorded for standard vs. adaptive plans. Normal tissue complication probability (NTCP) for toxicity endpoints was calculated using literature-derived multivariate logistic regression models. Results: Five patients were included in this pilot study, 3 men and 2 women. Median age was 58 years (range 45–69). Three tumors originated at the tonsillar fossa and two at the base of tongue. The average dose to 95% of initial PTV volume was 70.7 Gy (SD,0.3) for standard plans vs. 58.5 Gy (SD,2.0) for adaptive plans. The majority of OARs showed decrease in dosimetric parameters using adaptive plans vs. standard plans, particularly swallowing related structures. The average reduction in the probability of developing dysphagia ≥ grade2, feeding tube persistence at 6-month post-treatment and hypothyroidism at 1-year post-treatment was 11%, 4%, and 5%, respectively. The probability of xerostomia at 6-month was only reduced by 1% for adaptive plans vs. standard IMRT. Conclusion: These in silico results showed that the proposed MRI-guided adaptive approach is technically feasible and advantageous in reducing dose to OARs, especially swallowing musculature.