Passing return-to-sport criteria and landing biomechanics in young athletes following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction

Academic Article

Abstract

  • We sought to evaluate the sagittal plane knee joint loading patterns during a double-leg landing task among young athletes who passed or failed return-to-sport (RTS) criteria following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction reconstruction (ACLR), and in uninjured athletes. Participants completed quadriceps strength testing, a hop test battery, and the International Knee Documentation Committee subjective form following medical RTS clearance. ACLR participants “passed” RTS criteria (RTS-PASS) if they met ≥90 limb symmetry (%) or score on all measures and were categorized as “failing” (RTS-FAIL) if not. All participants completed three-dimensional motion analysis testing. Sagittal plane kinematic and kinetic variables were calculated during a double-leg drop vertical jump task. Mean limb values and limb symmetry indices (LSI; %) were calculated and compared using a one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) (for LSI) and mixed between-within ANOVA (for group × limb differences). A total of 205 participants were included, with 39 in the RTS-PASS group, 109 in the RTS-FAIL group, and 57 control groups (CTRLs). The RTS-FAIL group demonstrated lower symmetry values for peak vertical ground reaction force, peak internal knee extension moment, and peak knee flexion angle. Group × limb interactions were observed for peak vertical ground reaction force and peak internal knee extension moment. Involved limb values were reduced in the RTS-PASS and RTS-FAIL groups compared to CTRLs, while the RTS-PASS groups had lower uninvolved limb values compared to the RTS-FAIL and CTRLs. Clinical Significance:. Young athletes who pass RTS criteria after ACLR land symmetrically during a double-leg task, but symmetry was achieved by reducing loading on both limbs.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Losciale JM; Ithurburn MP; Paterno MV; Schmitt LC
  • Start Page

  • 208
  • End Page

  • 218
  • Volume

  • 40
  • Issue

  • 1