Listening: the key to diagnosing spasmodic dysphonia.

Academic Article


  • Spasmodic dysphonia (SD) is a focal dystonia of the larynx. Adductor spasmodic dysphonia (ADSD) involves the laryngeal adductor muscles, and symptoms of vocal roughness, staccato-like sounds, and stops in phonation. Abductor spasmodic dysphonia (ABSD) affects the laryngeal abductor muscles, resulting in a breathy or whispered voice quality and voice breaks. SD has a significant impact on the quality of life. This article discusses symptoms of SD and the standard treatment of SD.
  • Authors

    Pubmed Id

  • 12499056
  • Author List

  • Braden MN; Hapner ER
  • Start Page

  • 8
  • End Page

  • 12
  • Volume

  • 26
  • Issue

  • 1