Differences in head and neck cancer risk perception between smoking and nonsmoking NASCAR attendees

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Objective. Although research has documented a difference in cancer risk perception between smokers and nonsmokers, this has not been specifically documented for head and neck cancer. The aim of this study was to determine differences in risk perception for head and neck cancer between smokers and nonsmokers in an at-risk population. Study Design. A cross-sectional survey was administered. Setting. Community-based head and neck cancer screenings. Subjects and Methods. Participants completed a 28-item questionnaire assessing sociodemographic information, smoking status, and risk perception of head and neck cancer. Results. In total, 507 participants completed the questionnaire. Multivariate analysis of variance (MANCOVA) using dependent variables related to risk perception of head and neck cancer evidenced a significant main effect that smokers (mean [SD], 1.10 [0.07]) worried about head and neck cancer significantly more than nonsmokers (0.64 [0.06]), F(1 ,459) = 26.97, P < .001, η2 = .06, and nonsmokers (2.70 [0.05]) believed head and neck cancer was significantly more dangerous than did smokers (2.53 [0.06]), F(1, 459) = 5.90, P = .015, η2 = .01. Conclusion. Findings indicated differences in perception of risk for head and neck cancer between smokers and nonsmokers. By gaining a better understanding of the psychosocial factors related to perceived risk of head and neck cancer, otolaryngologists and health care providers may better tailor interventions aimed at increasing awareness of cancer risk and promoting cessation. © 2012 American Academy of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery Foundation.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 9895040
  • Author List

  • White LJ; Chin-Quee AL; Berg CJ; Wise JC; Hapner ER
  • Start Page

  • 63
  • End Page

  • 68
  • Volume

  • 147
  • Issue

  • 1