Physiological and metabolic characteristics of novel double-mutant female mice with targeted disruption of both growth hormone-releasing hormone and growth hormone receptor

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Mice with disruptions of growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) or growth hormone receptor (GHR) exhibit similar phenotypes of prolonged lifespan and delayed age-related diseases. However, these two models respond differently to calorie restriction indicating that they might carry different and/or independent mechanisms for improved longevity and healthspan. In order to elucidate these mechanisms, we generated GHRH and GHR double-knockout mice (D-KO). In the present study, we focused specifically on the characteristics of female D-KO mice. The D-KO mice have reduced body weight and enhanced insulin sensitivity compared to wild-type (WT) controls. Growth retardation in D-KO mice is accompanied by decreased GH expression in pituitary, decreased circulating IGF-1, increased high-molecular-weight (HMW) adiponectin, and leptin hormones compared to WT controls. Generalized linear model-based regression analysis, which controls for body weight differences between D-KO and WT groups, shows that D-KO mice have decreased lean mass, bone mineral density, and bone mineral content, but increased adiposity. Indirect calorimetry markers including oxygen consumption, carbon dioxide production, and energy expenditure were significantly lower in D-KO mice relative to the controls. In comparison with WT mice, the D-KO mice displayed reduced respiratory exchange ratio (RER) values only during the light cycle, suggesting a circadian-related metabolic shift toward fat utilization. Interestingly, to date survival data suggest extended lifespan in D-KO female mice.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Aging Cell  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 13263108
  • Author List

  • Icyuz M; Zhang F; Fitch MP; Joyner MR; Challa AK; Sun LY
  • Volume

  • 20
  • Issue

  • 4