High salt intake induces collecting duct HDAC1-dependent NO signaling

Academic Article


  • We reported that high salt (HS) intake stimulates renal collecting duct (CD) endothelin (ET) type B receptor (ETBR)/nitric oxide (NO) synthase 1b (NOS1b)-dependent NO production inhibiting the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) promoting natriuresis. However, the mechanism underlying the HS-induced increase of NO production is unclear. Histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) responds to increased fluid flow, as can occur in the CD during HS intake. The renal inner medulla (IM), in particular the IMCD, has the highest NOS1 activity within the kidney. Hence, we hypothesized that HS intake provokes HDAC1 activation of NO production in the IM. HS intake for 1 wk significantly increased HDAC1 abundance in the IM. Ex vivo treatment of dissociated IM from HS-fed mice with a selective HDAC1 inhibitor (MS-275) decreased NO production with no change in ET-1 peptide or mRNA levels. We further investigated the role of the ET-1/ETBR/NOS1b signaling pathway with chronic ETBR blockade (A-192621). Although NO was decreased and ET-1 levels were elevated in the dissociated IM from HS-fed mice treated with A-192621, ex vivo MS-275 did not further change NO or ET-1 levels suggesting that HDAC1-mediated NO production is regulated at the level or downstream of ETBR activation. In split-open CDs from HS-fed mice, patch clamp analysis revealed significantly higher ENaC activity after MS-275 pretreatment, which was abrogated by an exogenous NO donor. Moreover, flow-induced increases in mIMCD-3 cell NO production were blunted by HDAC1 or calcium inhibition. Taken together, these findings indicate that HS intake induces HDAC1-dependent activation of the ETBR/NO pathway contributing to the natriuretic response.
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Sedaka R; Hyndman KA; Mironova E; Stockand JD; Pollock JS
  • Start Page

  • F297
  • End Page

  • F307
  • Volume

  • 320
  • Issue

  • 3