Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is historically known for causing respiratory illness in young children, but the appreciation of its impact on older adults is growing. Studies have shown that hospitalization for respiratory illness due to RSV is complicated by cardiovascular events in 14% to 22% of adult patients, including worsening congestive heart failure, acute coronary syndrome, and arrhythmias. Additionally, underlying cardiovascular disease is associated with hospitalization in 45% to 63% of adults with confirmed RSV. In summary, patients with cardiopulmonary disease have higher rates of health care utilization for RSV-related illness and worse outcomes. Patients with cardiovascular disease likely represent an important target population for the rapidly developing field of RSV vaccines.