Transporters Involved in the Biogenesis and Functionalization of the Mycobacterial Cell Envelope

Academic Article

Abstract

  • The biology of mycobacteria is dominated by a complex cell envelope of unique composition and structure and of exceptionally low permeability. This cell envelope is the basis of many of the pathogenic features of mycobacteria and the site of susceptibility and resistance to many antibiotics and host defense mechanisms. This review is focused on the transporters that assemble and functionalize this complex structure. It highlights both the progress and the limits of our understanding of how (lipo)polysaccharides, (glyco)lipids, and other bacterial secretion products are translocated across the different layers of the cell envelope to their final extra-cytoplasmic location. It further describes some of the unique strategies evolved by mycobacteria to import nutrients and other products through this highly impermeable barrier.
  • Published In

  • Chemical Reviews  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 27305590
  • Author List

  • Jackson M; Stevens CM; Zhang L; Zgurskaya HI; Niederweis M
  • Start Page

  • 5124
  • End Page

  • 5157
  • Volume

  • 121
  • Issue

  • 9