A combined orthodontic / orthognathic approach in the management of obstructive sleep apnoea: Balancing treatment efficacy and facial aesthetics

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a prevalent condition and has been extensively managed with orthognathic surgery using a variety of surgical techniques. This case report describes the successful management of a 56-year-old Caucasian woman with a bimaxillary retrusive profile and macroglossia complicated by OSA and the combined use of orthodontics and orthognathic surgery to improve Apnoea-Hypopnoea Index while maintaining facial aesthetics. The non-extraction treatment plan included: (1) pre-surgical orthodontic treatment to maximise aesthetics and functional occlusion after surgery; (2) maxillomandibular advancement using down fracture of the maxilla (Le Fort 1 osteotomy) with counter-clockwise rotation as well as bilateral sagittal split osteotomy with septoplasty to aid increase in airway function; and (3) post-surgical orthodontic finishing and alignment with self-ligating fixed appliances. Optimum aesthetic and functional results as well as an increase in the airway volume were achieved, without compromising facial aesthetics, with the cooperation of two specialties and the use of state-of-the-art technology during the surgical planning stages.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 14998757
  • Author List

  • Shah N; Waite PD; Kau CH
  • Start Page

  • 354
  • End Page

  • 362
  • Volume

  • 47
  • Issue

  • 4