Surgical management of penile carcinoma in situ: results from an international collaborative study and review of the literature

Academic Article


  • Objectives: To evaluate recurrence after penile-sparing surgery (PSS) in the management of carcinoma in situ (CIS) of the penis in a large multicentre cohort of patients. Patients and Methods: We identified consecutive patients from five major academic centres, treated between June 1986 and November 2014, who underwent PSS for pathologically proven penile CIS. The primary outcome was local recurrence-free survival (RFS), which was estimated using the Kaplan–Meier method. Results: A total of 205 patients were identified. Treatment methods included circumcision, glansectomy, wide local excision, laser therapy and total glans resurfacing. Over a median (interquartile range [IQR]) follow-up of 40 (26–65.6) months, there were 48 local recurrences, with 45.8% occurring in the first year and 81.3% occurring by year 5. The majority of recurrences were observed in the laser group (58.3%). The median (IQR) time to local recurrence was 15.9 (5.66–26.14) months. The 1- 2- and 5-year RFS rates were 88.4, 85.6 and 75%, respectively, and the median (IQR) RFS time was 106.5 (80.2–132.2) months. Conclusions: Among patients with penile CIS selected for surgical management, durable responses at intermediate- to long-term follow-up were noted. For those with glandular CIS, glans resurfacing offered the best outcomes.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • BJU International  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 21705575
  • Author List

  • Chipollini J; Yan S; Ottenhof SR; Zhu Y; Draeger D; Baumgarten AS; Tang DH; Protzel C; Ye DW; Hakenberg OW
  • Start Page

  • 393
  • End Page

  • 398
  • Volume

  • 121
  • Issue

  • 3