Apical root resorption caused by orthodontic forces: A brief review and a long-term observation

Academic Article


  • External apical root resorption (ARR) is a common iatrogenic consequence of orthodontic treatment. One of the aims of this article is to present a brief overview of the literature, including; diagnosis and etiology, with emphasis on orthodontic forces to facilitate an understand of the prevention or management of ARR in orthodontic patients. We also present a long-term follow-up observation of severe ARR, including the last obtained cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) records, to demonstrate the effect of orthodontic forces on ARR.
  • Authors

    Published In

    Author List

  • Topkara A; Karaman AI; Kau CH
  • Start Page

  • 445
  • End Page

  • 453
  • Volume

  • 6
  • Issue

  • 4