A 3D analysis of Caucasian and African American facial morphologies in a US population

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Introduction: This study aimed to compare facial morphologies of an adult African-American population to an adult Caucasian-American population using three-dimensional (3D) surface imaging. Materials and methods: The images were captured using a stereophotogrammetric system (3dMDfaceTM system). Subjects were aged 19-30 years, with normal body mass index and no gross craniofacial anomalies. Images were aligned and combined using RF6 Plus Pack 2 software to produce a male and female facial average for each population. The averages were superimposed and the differences were assessed. Results: The most distinct differences were in the forehead, alar base and perioricular regions. The average difference between African-American and Caucasian-American females was 1.18±0.98 mm. The African-American females had a broader face, wider alar base and more protrusive lips. The Caucasian-American females had a more prominent chin, malar region and lower forehead. The average difference between African-American and Caucasian-American males was 1.11±1.04 mm. The African-American males had a more prominent upper forehead and periocular region, wider alar base and more protrusive lips. No notable difference occurred between chin points of the two male populations. Conclusions: Average faces were created from 3D photographs, and the facial morphological differences between populations and genders were compared. African-American males had a more prominent upper forehead and periocular region, wider alar base and more protrusive lips. Caucasian-American males showed a more prominent nasal tip and malar area. African-American females had broader face, wider alar base and more protrusive lips. Caucasian-American females showed a more prominent chin point, malar region and lower forehead. © 2014 British Orthodontic Society.
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    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Talbert L; Kau CH; Christou T; Vlachos C; Souccar N
  • Start Page

  • 19
  • End Page

  • 29
  • Volume

  • 41
  • Issue

  • 1