Insulin sensitivity in long-lived growth hormone-releasing hormone knockout mice

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Our previous studies showed that loss-of-function mutation of growth hormone releasing hormone (GHRH) results in increased longevity and enhanced insulin sensitivity in mice. However, the details of improved insulin action and tissue-specific insulin signaling are largely unknown in this healthy-aging mouse model. We conducted hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp to investigate mechanisms underlying enhanced insulin sensitivity in growth hormone (GH) deficient mice. Further, we assessed in vivo tissue-specific insulin activity via activation of PI3K-AKT and MAPK-ERK1/2 cascades using western blot. Clamp results showed that the glucose infusion rate required for maintaining euglycemia was much higher in GHRH-/- mice compared to WT controls. Insulin-mediated glucose production was largely suppressed, whereas glucose uptake in skeletal muscle and brown adipose tissue were significant enhanced in GHRH-/- mice compared to WT controls. Enhanced capacity of insulin-induced activation of the PI3K-AKT and MAPK-ERK1/2 signaling were observed in a tissue-specific manner in GHRH-/- mice. Enhanced systemic insulin sensitivity in long-lived GHRH-/- mice is associated with differential activation of insulin signaling cascades among various organs. Improved action of insulin in the insulin sensitive tissues is likely to mediate the prolonged longevity and healthy-aging effects of GH deficiency in mice.
  • Authors

    Published In

  • Aging  Journal
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Zhang F; Icyuz M; Liu Z; Fitch M; Sun LY
  • Start Page

  • 18033
  • End Page

  • 18051
  • Volume

  • 12
  • Issue

  • 18