Novel retinoic acid derivative induces differentiation and growth arrest in neuroblastoma

Academic Article

Abstract

  • Introduction: Retinoic acid (RA) is a differentiating agent utilized as maintenance therapy for high-risk neuroblastoma (NB), but associated toxicities limit its use. We have previously shown that a non-toxic, novel rexinoid, 9-cis-UAB30 (UAB30), decreased NB cell proliferation and in vivo tumor growth. A second generation, mono-methylated compound, 6-Methyl-UAB30 (6-Me), has been recently designed having greater potency compared with UAB30. In the current study, we hypothesized that 6-Me would inhibit NB cell proliferation and survival and induce differentiation and cell-cycle arrest. Methods: Proliferation and viability were measured in four human NB cell lines following treatment with UAB30 or 6-Me. Cell-cycle was analyzed and tumor cell stemness was evaluated with extreme limiting dilution assays and immunoblotting for expression of stem cell markers. A xenograft murine model was utilized to study the effects of 6-Me in vivo. Results: Treatment with 6-Me led to decreased proliferation and viability, induced cell cycle arrest, and increased neurite outgrowth, indicating differentiation of surviving cells. Furthermore, treatment with 6-Me decreased tumorsphere formation and expression of stem cell markers. Finally, inhibition of tumor growth and increased animal survival was observed in vivo following treatment with 6-Me. Conclusion: These results indicate a potential therapeutic role for this novel rexinoid in neuroblastoma treatment.
  • Published In

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 17688616
  • Author List

  • Marayati R; Williams AP; Bownes LV; Quinn CH; Stewart JE; Mroczek-Musulman E; Atigadda VR; Beierle EA
  • Start Page

  • 1072
  • End Page

  • 1080
  • Volume

  • 55
  • Issue

  • 6