Background: Growing concerns about the waning efficacy of IPTp-SP warrants continuous monitoring and evaluation. This study determined coverage of IPTp-SP and compared the effectiveness of the 3-dose to 2-dose regimen on placental malaria (PM) infection and low birth weight (LBW) in the Mount Cameroon area. Methods: Consenting pregnant women were enrolled consecutively through a cross-sectional survey at delivery at four antenatal clinics, two each from semi-rural and semi-urban settings from November 2016 to December 2017. Reported IPTp-SP use, demographic and antenatal clinic (ANC) data of the mothers and neonate birth weights were documented. Maternal haemoglobin concentration was measured using a haemoglobinometer and PM infection diagnosed by placental blood microscopy. Logistic regression analysis was used to model study outcomes. Results: Among the 465 parturient women enrolled, 47.0% (203), 34.7% (150), 18.3% (79) and 7.1% (33) reported uptake of ≥ 3, 2.1 dose(s) and no SP, respectively. Uptake of ≥ 3 doses varied significantly (p < 0.001) according to type of medical facility, timing of ANC initiation and number of ANC visits. The prevalence of PM was 18.5% where uptake of ≥ 3 SP doses (AOR = 2.36: 95% CI 1.41-4.87), primiparity (AOR = 2.13: 95% CI 1.19-3.81), semi-rural setting (AOR = 1.85: 95% CI 1.12-3.04) increased odds of infection. Also, three or more dosing was associated (p < 0.001) with increased PM density notably among women from semi-urban areas. Compared with third trimester, ANC initiation in the second trimester (AOR: 0.39: 95% CI 0.20-0.74) lower odds of infection. The prevalence of LBW infants was 7.3% and were generally those of anaemic (AOR: 4.6: 95% CI 1.03-20.57) and semi-rural (AOR: 5.29: 95% CI 1.73-16.15) women. Although ≥ 3 (AOR: 0.31: 95% CI 0.11-0.87) and 2 (AOR: 0.32: 95% CI 0.11-0.93) doses of SP was associated with lower odds of LBW, ≥ 3 doses were not associated with additional increase in birth weight nor maternal haemoglobin levels when compared with 2 doses. Conclusion: In the Mount Cameroon area, reported uptake of IPTp with ≥ 3 SP doses did not provide observable prophylactic benefits. SP resistance efficacy studies are necessary.