A transcriptional coregulator, SPIN·DOC, attenuates the coactivator activity of Spindlin1.

Academic Article


  • Spindlin1 (SPIN1) is a transcriptional coactivator with critical functions in embryonic development and emerging roles in cancer. SPIN1 harbors three Tudor domains, two of which engage the tail of histone H3 by reading the H3-Lys-4 trimethylation and H3-Arg-8 asymmetric dimethylation marks. To gain mechanistic insight into how SPIN1 functions as a transcriptional coactivator, here we purified its interacting proteins. We identified an uncharacterized protein (C11orf84), which we renamed SPIN1 docking protein (SPIN·DOC), that directly binds SPIN1 and strongly disrupts its histone methylation reading ability, causing it to disassociate from chromatin. The Spindlin family of coactivators has five related members (SPIN1, 2A, 2B, 3, and 4), and we found that all of them bind SPIN·DOC. It has been reported previously that SPIN1 regulates gene expression in the Wnt signaling pathway by directly interacting with transcription factor 4 (TCF4). We observed here that SPIN·DOC associates with TCF4 in a SPIN1-dependent manner and dampens SPIN1 coactivator activity in TOPflash reporter assays. Furthermore, knockdown and overexpression experiments indicated that SPIN·DOC represses the expression of a number of SPIN1-regulated genes, including those encoding ribosomal RNA and the cytokine IL1B. In conclusion, we have identified SPIN·DOC as a transcriptional repressor that binds SPIN1 and masks its ability to engage the H3-Lys-4 trimethylation activation mark.
  • Authors

    Published In


  • epigenetics, histone methylation, histone modification, transcription repressor, transcriptional coactivator, Carrier Proteins, Cell Cycle Proteins, Chromatin, Co-Repressor Proteins, Gene Expression Regulation, Gene Knockdown Techniques, HEK293 Cells, Histones, Humans, Methylation, Microtubule-Associated Proteins, Phosphoproteins, Protein Interaction Domains and Motifs, Recombinant Fusion Proteins, Trans-Activators, Transcription Factor 4, Wnt Signaling Pathway
  • Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Pubmed Id

  • 21465963
  • Author List

  • Bae N; Gao M; Li X; Premkumar T; Sbardella G; Chen J; Bedford MT
  • Start Page

  • 20808
  • End Page

  • 20817
  • Volume

  • 292
  • Issue

  • 51