Genetic Factors Influencing Warfarin Dose in Black-African Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Academic Article


  • Warfarin is the most commonly used oral anticoagulant in sub-Saharan Africa. Dosing is challenging due to a narrow therapeutic index and high interindividual variability in dose requirements. To evaluate the genetic factors affecting warfarin dosing in black-Africans, we performed a meta-analysis of 48 studies (2,336 patients). Significant predictors for CYP2C9 and stable dose included rs1799853 (CYP2C9*2), rs1057910 (CYP2C9*3), rs28371686 (CYP2C9*5), rs9332131 (CYP2C9*6), and rs28371685 (CYP2C9*11) reducing dose by 6.8, 12.5, 13.4, 8.1, and 5.3 mg/week, respectively. VKORC1 variants rs9923231 (-1639G>A), rs9934438 (1173C>T), rs2359612 (2255C>T), rs8050894 (1542G>C), and rs2884737 (497T>G) decreased dose by 18.1, 21.6, 17.3, 11.7, and 19.6 mg/week, respectively, whereas rs7294 (3730G>A) increased dose by 6.9 mg/week. Finally, rs12777823 (CYP2C gene cluster) was associated with a dose reduction of 12.7 mg/week. Few studies were conducted in Africa, and patient numbers were small, highlighting the need for further work in black-Africans to evaluate genetic factors determining warfarin response.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Asiimwe IG; Zhang EJ; Osanlou R; Krause A; Dillon C; Suarez-Kurtz G; Zhang H; Perini JA; Renta JY; Duconge J
  • Start Page

  • 1420
  • End Page

  • 1433
  • Volume

  • 107
  • Issue

  • 6