© Dosch et al. ADAM17 (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase 17)/TACE (TNFa converting enzyme) has emerged as a potential therapeutic target in colorectal cancer (CRC) and other cancers, due in part to its role in regulating various tumor cell surface proteins and growth factors and cytokines in the tumor microenvironment. The emergence of MEDI3622, a highly potent and specific antibody-based ADAM17 inhibitor, has allowed testing of the concept that targeting ADAM17 may be an important new therapeutic approach for CRC patients. We demonstrate that MEDI3622 is highly efficacious on tumor growth in multiple human CRC PDX models, resulting in improved survival of animals bearing tumor xenografts. MEDI3622 was further found to impact Notch pathway activity and tumor-initiating cells. The promising preclinical activity seen here supports further clinical investigation of this treatment approach to improve therapeutic outcome for patients diagnosed with metastatic CRC, including patients with KRAS-mutant tumors for whom other therapeutic options are currently limited.