Specialized Pro-resolving Mediators Directs Cardiac Healing and Repair with Activation of Inflammation and Resolution Program in Heart Failure

Academic Article

Abstract

  • © 2019, Springer Nature Switzerland AG. After myocardial infarction, splenic leukocytes direct biosynthesis of specialized pro-resolving mediators (SPMs) that are essential for the resolution of inflammation and tissue repair. In a laboratory environment, after coronary ligation of healthy risk free rodents (young adult mice) leukocytes biosynthesize SPMs with induced activity of lipoxygenases and cyclooxygenases, which facilitate cardiac repair. Activated monocytes/macrophages drive the biosynthesis of SPMs following experimental myocardial infarction in mice during the acute heart failure. In the presented review, we provided the recent updates on SPMs (resolvins, lipoxins and maresins) in cardiac repair that may serve as novel therapeutics for future heart failure therapy/management. We incorporated the underlying causes of non-resolving inflammation following cardiac injury if superimposed with obesity, hypertension, diabetes, disrupted circadian rhythm, co-medication (painkillers or oncological therapeutics), and/or aging that may delay or impair the biosynthesis of SPMs, intensifying pathological remodeling in heart failure.
  • Authors

    Digital Object Identifier (doi)

    Author List

  • Halade GV; Tourki B
  • Start Page

  • 45
  • End Page

  • 64
  • Volume

  • 1161