Malignant gliomas are the main cause of death from primary brain tumors. Despite surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy, patients have a median survival of less than a few years; therefore, it is clearly imperative to investigate new ways of treatment. The development of new therapeutic strategies for brain tumors is dependent on a better understanding of the differences between normal and tumoral brain cells. Our group had described previously a M(r) 48,000 antigen defined by reactivity with two monoclonal antibodies (GE2 and BF7) obtained by immunization of mice with human glioblastoma cells. Here, we describe the identification of the GE2/BF7 antigen as microsomal epoxide hydrolase (mEH), a drug-metabolizing enzyme that is involved both in toxification and detoxification of carcinogens. We initially used immunoaffinity purification using GE2 and BF7 and analyzed the purified proteins by microsequencing. Edman degradation identified 15 amino acids of the NH2-terminal sequence that were 100% identical to mEH. To further confirm the identity of the BF7/GE2 antigen as mEH, we showed that the protein immunopurified with GE2 and BF7 was recognized by an anti-mEH antibody and that fit vitro and in vivo synthesized human mEH is recognized by BF7 and GE2 antibodies. Furthermore, anti-mEH antibody recognizes an antigen expressed both in gliomas and reactive astrocytes, as do BF7 and GE2. Finally, we demonstrate that in contrast to what has been reported in rat embryo fibroblasts, p53 does not regulate mEH mRNA expression in glioma cells.